Menstrual cycle is an important part of a womans reproductive life. The usual age for the onset of menstrual cycle is 12- 13 years but it may vary from person to person and other environmental factors. The length of the menstruation can fluctuate from 3 to 5 weeks without any prior alarm.
How it occurs?
Menstruation occurs when the endometrium (an inner lining of the uterus) sheds. This menstrual flow contains blood and mucus from the cervix (an opening at the lower third of the uterus) and vagina. The area of the brain called hypothalamus along with pituitary glands control the hormones necessary for the reproductive organs. Six hormones namely, Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) , Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) , Luteinizing hormone (LH) , Estrogen, Progesterone, Testosterone control your menstruation process.
Pain during menstruation
Painful menstruation or dysmenorrhea is the most common problem for any woman. This causes inability to carry day to day responsibilities due to lower abdominal cramping, vomiting, nausea and headache during menstruation. Pain during menstruation can be categorized into two types. One is the...