Simply ensuring your website is accessible to screen reader users is unfortunately not enough to ensure these users can find what they’re looking for in a reasonably quick and efficient manner. Even if your site is accessible to screen reader users, its usability could be so incredibly poor that they needn’t have bothered coming to your site.
Fortunately, there are plenty of simple-to-implement guidelines you can follow, which not only drastically improve usability for screen reader users, but for all web users:
1. Descriptive headings
The use of on-page headings is one of the most important usability features for screen reader users, as it helps them more easily understand the page structure. Although text on the page may appear to be a heading for sighted users, it must be labelled as a heading within the HTML code for screen reader users to know it is a heading.
Screen readers don’t look at web pages – they read through the HTML code. If a piece of text is called a heading within the HTML code then the screen reader will announce that it’s a heading. If not, screen reader users won’t actually know if something...