Penny stocks are usually not listed at the major stock exchanges like the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) or the NASDAQ because they don’t meet the listing requirements. Listed stocks must have a minimum number of shareholders, minimum assets and file financial reports regularly. They are also under the strong supervision of the SEC, the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Penny stocks are usually traded on the OTCBB or on the Pink Sheets. The OTCBB (OTC Bulletin Board) is an electronic quotation system for over-the-counter securities that are not listed with one of the national stock exchanges. The only requirement is that the companies file financial reports to the SEC. If not, the company is removed from the OTCBB listing and the stock can only be quoted on the Pink Sheets. The Pink Sheets activities are not supervised or regulated by the SEC.
If the company has less than $10 million in total assets or less than 500 shareholders in total then no filings must be done at all.
Penny stocks are for these reasons wide open to scams and manipulation. The stock price is usually far below $5 and market capitalization is very small as the companies itself...